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Wideband Circularly Polarized Metasurface Based MIMO Antenna for Midband 5G Applications

By Abhilash Achariparambil, Paulbert Thomas, and Aanandan Chandroth
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 132, 23-35, 2023


This work describes the design and analysis of a four-element wideband circularly polarized (CP) Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) antenna for mid-band 5G utilizations. The proposed MIMO antenna miniaturization is obtained by the implementation of composite right/left-handed (CRLH) transmission line (TL) and loading of octagonal shaped slotted rings inside the antenna ground plane. Further, the circular polarization radiation is obtained due to the sequence arrangement of two CRLH-TL based unit cells of opposite branches, inside a conventional square patch. The intended MIMO antenna encompasses two layers, the layer-1 consists of a four-element CRLH-TL based circularly polarized MIMO antenna placed in side-by-side configuration. The layer-2 consists of 3×3 square-shaped metasurface on one side and an octagonal slotted ring on another side. The combination of two layer results in wider bandwidths of 68.84% (2.21-4.53) and 3 dB axial ratio (AR) bandwidth of 30.4% (3.1-4.21 GHz). Furthermore, the antenna has better than 10 dB isolation, a maximum gain of 7.2 dBi at 4.04 GHz, radiation efficiency of more than 65%, and lower envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) values across the whole operating band. Diversity Gain (DG) values are high and near to 10 dB. Total Active Reflection Coefficient (TARC) and Channel Capacity Loss (CCL) values are also very much acceptable. As a result, the suggested four-element MIMO antenna is appropriate for midband 5G utilizations.


Abhilash Achariparambil, Paulbert Thomas, and Aanandan Chandroth, "Wideband Circularly Polarized Metasurface Based MIMO Antenna for Midband 5G Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 132, 23-35, 2023.


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