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Mutual Coupling Reduction in Multiband MIMO Antenna Using Cross-Slot Fractal Multiband EBG in the E-Plane

By Niraj Kumar, Usha Kiran Kommuri, and Priyanka Usha
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 132, 1-10, 2023


A multiband electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structure is designed and implemented with a multiband MIMO antenna for mutual coupling reduction. An area of 16 × 16 mm2 on a low cost FR4 substrate is used for the proposed EBG design. The designed E-coupled slotted U-shape MIMO antenna resonates at 5.7 GHz, 7.5 GHz and 10 GHz frequencies. Edge to edge separation between the two antennas is kept as 6 mm. EBG structure is placed in the ground plane between two antennas that enable us to keep separation of antennas less than the size of the EBG. Mutual coupling gets reduced by 6.6 dB for 5.7 GHz, 4 dB for 7.5 GHz and 6.95 dB for 10 GHz. Simulated radiation properties of MIMO antenna are verified by measured results, and surface current distribution of MIMO antenna surface also verifies the mutual coupling reduction. Envelope correlation coefficient < 0.01 and channel capacity loss < 0.2 are achieved at resonating frequencies.


Niraj Kumar, Usha Kiran Kommuri, and Priyanka Usha, "Mutual Coupling Reduction in Multiband MIMO Antenna Using Cross-Slot Fractal Multiband EBG in the E-Plane," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 132, 1-10, 2023.


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