Resonance frequency of a Circular Microstrip Antenna (CMSA) depends on its diameter. Hence when CMSA is truncated or sectored into smaller elements, keeping the diameter same, it resonates at almost the same frequency. An analysis of the new antenna arrays designed using these truncated non-identical CMSA elements, to realize an amplitude distribution over pedestals leading to a desired first side lobe level (FSLL) has been presented. Truncated elements are designed as non-identical elements based on their gain variation with respect to the standard normalized aperture distribution coefficients. Experimental verification to validate the proposed concept and simulated results has been carried out using an antenna array with eight non-identical elements. There is good agreement between simulated and measured results at 1.76 GHz.
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