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Diurnal and Seasonal Variation of Surface Refractivity Over Nigeria

By Benjamin Gbenro Ayantunji, P. N. Okeke, and J. O. Urama
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 30, 201-222, 2011


The diurnal and seasonal variation of surface refractivity over Nigeria was studied using four years in-situ meteorological data from eight location over Nigeria. At all the stations studied, it was observed that the diurnal refractivity variation was caused majorly by the dry term in the rainy season and the wet term is the major cause of refractivity variation in dry season except Sokoto and Jos. In Sokoto the result was found to be opposite and it is attributed to the fact that in dry season the humidity is almost close to zero while in rainy season the pressure seems to be almost constant but the temperature fluctuates rapidly and consequently the humidity. The variation pattern in Jos is as observed because of the altitude (~1000 m above sea level). At this altitude pressure variation seems to be insignificant. The result also show that the surface refractivity generally have higher value during rainy season than dry season at all location studied. The result also show that the value of surface refractivity increases from arid region in the north to the coastal area in south. The result also show that the diurnal refractivity variation is basically a function of local meteorology and while seasonal variation is caused follows the climatic condition.


Benjamin Gbenro Ayantunji, P. N. Okeke, and J. O. Urama, "Diurnal and Seasonal Variation of Surface Refractivity Over Nigeria," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 30, 201-222, 2011.


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