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Design of 10 × 10 Massive MIMO Array in Sub-6 GHz Smart Phone for 5G Applications

By Tamer Gaber Mohammed Abouelnaga, Ibrahim Zewail, and Mona Shokair
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 91, 97-114, 2021


In this paper, a design of dual band 10 × 10 antenna array for 5G Massive Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) applications in the mobile phone is presented. The designed array is proposed to cover the sub-6 GHz bands (LTE bands 42/43 and LTE band 46). To realize MIMO operation in these three LTE bands, ten ring loop antenna elements are integrated into a limited space cell phone circuit board. Due to the implementation of spatial diversity techniques on the antenna elements, better isolation can be achieved. The proposed array was simulated, fabricated and measured. It achieved good MIMO performances, such as ergodic channel capacities higher than 27.1 bps/Hz and 57.6 bps/Hz for LTE bands 42/43 and LTE band 46 respectively. Also, the achieved Envelope Correlation Coefficient (ECC) is lower than 0.006. Moreover, it exhibited good isolation below -26 dB. The effects of user's hand phantom on the proposed array performance are also studied in two scenarios: Single Hand Mode (SHM) and Dual Hands Mode (DHM). The simulated results indicate that the proposed MIMO array can still achieve good MIMO performances in the presence of DHM and SHM. The Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) are also presented.


Tamer Gaber Mohammed Abouelnaga, Ibrahim Zewail, and Mona Shokair, "Design of 10 × 10 Massive MIMO Array in Sub-6 GHz Smart Phone for 5G Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 91, 97-114, 2021.


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