Interfering electromagnetic energy could be a very powerful pulse which is generated and incident onto communication system such as linear wire antenna through direct radiation. In this paper, the transient responses of the linear wire antenna such as dipole antenna under the impact of the early-time (E1) high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) are investigated using the equivalent circuit due to a primary element used in the modeling of systems for HEMP vulnerability is the linear wire antenna such as dipole antenna. Based on the equivalence concept of HEMP radiation source and linear wire antennas, the response at receiving antenna port is calculated efficiently with an uncomplicated circuit composed of pulse voltage source and lumped elements. Numerical results are presented to confirm the accuracy of the proposed method.
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