An extremely wideband photonic crystal antenna is proposed with a very compact size of 16.6 x 26.6 x 0.9mm3. The double-layer materials of silicon and glass are selected as the antenna substrate. The band gap performance of photonic crystals can decrease electromagnetic wave absorption of silicon substrate, restrain surface wave loss of antenna, and increase electromagnetic wave space radiation. Hence the periodical photonic crystal with square lattices is applied in upper silicon substrate. The glass substrate not only decreases effective dielectric constant of antenna, but also supports silicon substrate with photonic crystal. MEMS processes are used to realize photonic crystal antenna with plenty tiny through-holes. The simulated and measured results demonstrate that photonic crystal can effectively expand the working bandwidth of base antenna.
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