As unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is widely used in many civilian fields the wideband (WB) high power electromagnetic radiation devices development, whether the WB radiation would influence the civilian UAV to fulfil its tasks needs to be analyzed. Therefore, the radiated susceptibility of three models of DJI UAVs is studied in the paper. A decimetric wave oscillator with the power of over 500 MW was introduced as the radiation source. In experiment, adjusting the distance between radiation antenna and UAVs to change the electric field and the testing antenna was employed to measure the electric field on line. The three models of UAVs can be shot down by the electric field of 10 kV/m, 20 kV/m and 30 kV/m, respectively. Besides, as electric field reached up to over 35 kV/m, the rotor motor, electric control system and inertial measurement unit (IMU) in Mavic Air and Mavic Air 2 were easier to burn down. Except that, the energy accumulation effect has been proved in the experiment. In conclusion, the UAVs should fulfill tasks in the WB electromagnetic environment whose electric field is much less than 10 kV/m, and some shielding methods are needed to make UAV survive.
2. Tsach, S., A. Peled, D. Penn, B. Keshales, and R. Guedj, "Development trends for next generation of UAV systems," AIAA Infotech@Aerospace 2007 Conference and Exhibit, 2762-2775, California, USA, 2007.
3. Bunting, C. and V. Rajamani, "An overview of UAS standards development," Proc. 2018 IEEE Int. Symp. Electromagnetic Compatibility, Chiyoda, Tokoyo, May 12-16, 2014.
4. Johns, D. P., "Electromagnetic analysis of installed antenna performance on a UAV and assessment of co-site interference," Proc. 2018 IEEE Int. Symp. Electromagnetic Compatibility, Chiyoda, Tokoyo, May 12-16, 2014.
5. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 1-5: General - High power electromagnetic (HPEM) effects on civil systems, IEC Standard 61000-1-5, 2004.
6., Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 2: Environment - Section 9: Description of HEMP environment - Radiated disturbance. Basic EMC publication, IEC Standard 61000-2-9, 2005.
7. Bäckström, M. G. and K. G. Lövstrand, "Susceptibility of electronic systems to high-power microwaves: Summary of test experience," IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., Vol. 46, 396-403, Aug. 2004.
8. Mansson, D., R. Thottappillil, T. Nilsson, O. Lorén, and M. Bäckström, "Susceptibility of civilian GPS receivers to electromagnetic radiation," IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., Vol. 50, 434-437, May 2008.
9. Nitsch, D., M. Camp, F. Sabath, J. L. Ter Haseborg, and H. Garbe, "Susceptibility of some electronic equipment to HPEM threats," IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., Vol. 46, 380-389, Aug. 2004.
10. Bäckström, M., J. Lorén, G. Eriksson, and H.-J. Asander, "Microwave coupling into a generic object. Properties of measured angular receiving pattern and its significance for testing," Proc. 2001 IEEE Int. Symp. Electromagnetic Compatibility, Montreal, QC, Canada, Aug. 13-17, 2001.
11. Bäckström, M., T. Martin, and J. Lorén, "Analytical model for bounding estimates of shielding effectiveness of complex resonant cavities," Proc. 2003 IEEE Int. Symp. Electromagnetic Compatibility, Istanbul, Turkey, May 11-16, 2003.
12. Mansson, D., T. Nilsson, R. Thottappillil, and M. Bäckström, "Susceptibility of GPS receivers and wireless cameras to a single radiated UWB pulse," EMC Eur. Conf., Barcelona, Spain, 2006.
13. Hoad, R., N. J. Carter, D. Herke, and S. P.Watkins, "Trends in EM susceptibility of IT equipment," IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., Vol. 46, 390-395, Aug. 2004.
14. Chen, Y. Z., D. X. Zhang, E. W. Cheng, and X. J. Wang, "Investigation on susceptibility of UAV to radiated IEMI," Proc. 2018 IEEE Int. Symp. Electromagnetic Compatibility, Singapore, Singapore, May 14-18, 2018.
15. Hong, K. D. and S. W. Braidwood, "Resonant antenna-source system for generation of high-power wideband pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., Vol. 30, No. 5, 1705-1711, 2002.
16. Ryu, J., D. Yim, and J. Lee, "Analysis and design of switched transmission line circuits for high-power wide-band radiation," Journal-Korean Physical Society, Vol. 59, No. 61, 3567, 2011.
17. Giri, D. V., et al., "Switched oscillators and their integration into helical antennas," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 38, No. 6, 1411-1426, 2010.
18. Qiao, Z. J., X. C. Pan, and Y. He, "Damage of high power electromagnetic pulse to unmanned aerial vehicles," High Power Laser and Particle Beams, Vol. 29, No. 11, 113202, 2017.
19. Zhang, D. X., et al., "Investigation on effects of HPM pulse on UAV's datalink," IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., Vol. 62, No. 3, 829-839, 2020.
20. Dobykin, V. D. and V. V. Kharchenko, "Electromagnetic-pulse functional damage of semiconductor devices modeled using temperature gradients as boundary conditions," Journal of Communications Technology and Electronics, Vol. 51, No. 2, 231-239, 2006.
21. Dobykin, V. D., "Development of the theory for thermal damage of semiconductor structures by high-power electromagnetic radiation," Journal of Communications Technology and Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 1, 100-103, 2008.